The NBER distributes research findings in various ways, ensuring that we reach the widest possible audience.
The NBER working paper series includes over 1000 papers each year, authored by leading research economists, on a wide variety of topics. These papers are circulated prior to publication for comment and discussion. The working paper series began in 1973, and now includes more than 24,000 papers. Most of the older entries have been published in academic journals.
Subscription Information, Working Paper Series
Ordering Single Working Papers
Full texts of all working papers that were distributed more than 18 months ago are available at no charge in electronic form. More recent papers are available at no charge to students, faculty, and employees at subscribing firms and institutions, to NBER Corporate Associates, subscribers to the full paper series, to journalists, to employees of the U.S. federal government, and to residents of nations with per capita GDP of less than $35,000 (2017).
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The Digest is a monthly publication that summarizes at least four recent and newsworthy NBER Working Papers. Professional journalists write these summaries for a non-technical audience. The Bureau sends nearly 12,000 copies of the Digest each month to readers in government, business, universities, and the media. The NBER Digest is available in hard copy to the general public upon request.
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The NBER Bulletin on Retirement and DisabilityA summary of some of the research funded through the NBER's Retirement and Disability Research Center, as well as other recent related work. The Bulletin on Retirement and Disability is produced quarterly.
The NBER Bulletin on HealthA summary of selected recent Working Papers and other NBER research related to health economics. The Bulletin on Health is produced three times a year.
The NBER Listing of Embargoed PapersAn email list of papers by NBER affiliates that have appeared in medical and other journals that do not allow pre-publication distribution and that consequently have not been circulated in the NBER Working Paper series. The Listing of Embargoed Papers is produced three times a year.