ZEW (Centre for European Economic Research)
Institutional Affiliation: ZEW (Centre for European Economic Research)
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|June 2012||The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance|
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List, Sally Sadoff: w18165
Research on behavioral economics has established the importance of factors such as reference dependent preferences, hyperbolic discounting, and the value placed on non-financial rewards. To date, these insights have had little impact on the way the educational system operates. Through a series of field experiments involving thousands of primary and secondary school students, we demonstrate the power of behavioral economics to influence educational performance. Several insights emerge. First, we find substantial incentive effects from both financial and non-financial incentives on test scores. Second, we find that non-financial incentives are considerably more cost-effective than financial incentives for younger students, but were less effective with older students. Third, and perhaps most ...
Published: Steven D. Levitt & John A. List & Susanne Neckermann & Sally Sadoff, 2016. "The Behavioralist Goes to School: Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Educational Performance," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 8(4), pages 183-219, November. citation courtesy of