Stephen Ciccarella

Public Policy Institute of California
500 Washington Street, Suite 800
San Francisco, CA 94111

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Institutional Affiliation: Public Policy Institute of California

NBER Working Papers and Publications

July 2007French Wine and the U.S. Boycott of 2003: Does Politics Really Affect Commerce?
with Orley Ashenfelter, Howard J. Shatz: w13258
In early 2003, France actively tried to thwart the plans of the Bush administration to build international support for a war to depose Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein. In response, calls in the United States for a boycott of French products, wine in particular, rebounded through all forms of media. In the spring of 2003, French business people even reported that the boycott calls were hurting their U.S. sales. Using a dataset of sales of nearly 4,700 individual wine brands, we show that there actually was no boycott effect. Rather, sales of French wine dipped for two reasons. First, they experience a cyclical peak at holiday time, from November through early January, and the boycott was called during the February to May period. Second, sales of French wine have been in a secular decline in the ...

Published: Journal of Wine Economics / Volume 2 / Issue 01 / Spring 2007 pp 55-74 Copyright © American Association of Wine Economists 2007 DOI: (About DOI), Published online: 08 June 2012 citation courtesy of

November 2005The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets
with David Neumark, Junfu Zhang: w11782
We estimate the effects of Wal-Mart stores on county-level retail employment and earnings, accounting for endogeneity of the location and timing of Wal-Mart openings that most likely biases the evidence against finding adverse effects of Wal-Mart stores. We address the endogeneity problem using a natural instrumental variables approach that arises from the geographic and time pattern of the opening of Wal-Mart stores, which slowly spread out from the first stores in Arkansas. The employment results indicate that a Wal-Mart store opening reduces county-level retail employment by about 150 workers, implying that each Wal-Mart worker replaces approximately 1.4 retail workers. This represents a 2.7 percent reduction in average retail employment. The payroll results indicate that Wal-Mart s...

Published: Journal of Urban Economics. Volume 67, Issue 1 (2010), pages 1-168 citation courtesy of

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