Lisa J. Neidert
University of Michigan
Institutional Affiliation: University of Michigan
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 1995||On the Validity of Using Census Geocode Characteristics to Proxy Individual Socioeconomic Characteristics|
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Investigators of social differentials in health outcomes commonly augment incomplete micro data by appending socioeconomic characteristics of residential areas (such as median income in a zip code) to proxy for individual characteristics. However, little empirical attention has been paid to how well this aggregate information serves as a proxy for the individual characteristics of interest. We build on recent work addressing the biases inherent in proxies and consider two health-related examples within a statistical framework that illuminate the nature and sources of biases. Data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the National Maternal and Infant Health Survey are linked to census data. We assess the validity of using the aggregate census information as a proxy for individual ...
Published: Geronimus, Arline T., John Bound and Lisa J. Neidert. "On The Validity Of Using Census Geocode Characteristics To Proxy Individual Socioeconomic Characteristics," Journal of the American Statistical Association, 1996, v91(434,Jun), 529-537.