The World Bank
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Institutional Affiliation: The World Bank
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|May 2010||Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills|
with Irene Brambilla, Guido Porto: w15995
This paper explores the links between exports, export destinations and skill utilization by firms. We identify two mechanisms behind these links, which we integrate into a unified theory of export destinations and skills. First, exporting to high-income countries with higher valuation for quality leads to quality upgrades that are skill-intensive (Verhoogen, 2008). Second, exporting requires services such as distribution, transportation, and advertising, activities that are also intensive in skilled labor (Matsuyama, 2007). Depending on the characteristics of the source country (such as income, language), the theories suggest a skill-bias in export destinations: firms that export to high-income destinations hire more skills and pay higher wages than firms that export to middle-income count...
Published: Irene Brambilla & Daniel Lederman & Guido Porto, 2012. "Exports, Export Destinations, and Skills," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 102(7), pages 3406-38, December. citation courtesy of
|Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers|
with Irene Brambilla, Rafael Dix Carneiro, Guido Porto: w15996
The returns to schooling and the skill premium are key parameters in various fields and policy debates, including the literatures on globalization and inequality, international migration, and technological change. This paper explores the skill premium and its correlation with exports in Latin America, thus linking the skill premium to the emerging literature on the structure of trade and development. Using data on employment and wages for over seven million workers from sixteen Latin American economies, the authors estimate national and industry-specific returns to schooling and skill premiums and study some of their determinants. The evidence suggests that both country and industry characteristics are important in explaining returns to schooling and skill premiums. The analyses also sugge...
Published: Irene Brambilla & Rafael Dix-Carneiro & Daniel Lederman & Guido Porto, 2011. "Skills, Exports, and the Wages of Seven Million Latin American Workers," World Bank Economic Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(1), pages 34-60, July. citation courtesy of
|April 1998||The Political Economy of Unilateral Trade Liberalization: The Case of Chile|
with Sebastian Edwards: w6510
Chile has become a model for reforming economies throughout the world. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the political and economic circumstances surrounding Chile's unilateral trade liberalization during five stages (covering the period 1974-1990s),each being characterized by different combinations of compensation schemes that were used to raise support and reduce opposition to the reforms. In less than 4 years (1975-1979) Chile eliminated all quantitative restrictions and exchange controls and reduced import tariffs from an average in excess of 100% to a uniform 10% tariff. Later the tariff was temporarily raised to 35% in the aftermath of a severe economic crisis (1983-1984), but was then reduced to 11% by 1991. This liberalization was implemented simultaneously with other reform...
Published: in Jagdish Bhagwati (ed), "Going Alone: The Case for Relaxed Reciprocity in Freeing Trade." MIT Press, September 2002, pp. 337-3394.