Breno Braga

Urban Institute

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Institutional Affiliation: The Urban Institute

NBER Working Papers and Publications

June 2019Public Universities: The Supply Side of Building a Skilled Workforce
with John Bound, Gaurav Khanna, Sarah Turner: w25945
Over the past few decades, public universities have faced significant declines in state funding per student. We investigate whether these declines affected the educational and research outcomes of these schools. We present evidence that declining funding induced public universities to shift toward tuition as their primary source of revenue. Selective research universities enrolled more out-of-state and international students who pay full fare and increased in-state tuitions, moderating impacts on expenditures. Public universities outside the research sector had fewer options to replace stagnating state appropriations, requiring diminished expenditures and increased in-state tuitions. The evidence we present suggests that the cuts negatively affected degree attainment at the undergraduate a...

Published: John Bound & Breno Braga & Gaurav Khanna & Sarah Turner, 2019. "Public Universities: The Supply Side of Building a Skilled Workforce," RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, vol 5(5), pages 43-66.

December 2016A Passage to America: University Funding and International Students
with John Bound, Gaurav Khanna, Sarah Turner: w22981
The pool of students in the global economy prepared for higher education and able to pay tuition at U.S. colleges and universities has expanded markedly in the last two decades, with a particularly notable increase among potential undergraduate students from China. Given the concentration of high quality colleges and universities in the U.S., there has been a substantial increase in the demand for enrollment among students from abroad. At the same time, substantial declines in state support, driven by contractions in state budgets, have occurred at public sector universities. For such universities, declines in state appropriations force a choice between increasing tuition levels, cutting expenditures, or enrolling a greater proportion of students paying full out-of-state tuition. In this p...
October 2012Recruitment of Foreigners in the Market for Computer Scientists in the United States
with John Bound, Joseph M. Golden, Gaurav Khanna
in US High-Skilled Immigration in the Global Economy, Sarah Turner and William Kerr, organizers
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