Kellogg School of Management
Jacobs Center, Room 417
2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208-2006
Institutional Affiliation: Northwestern University
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|July 2020||A Dynamic Theory of Lending Standards|
with , : w27610
We develop a tractable dynamic model of credit markets in which lending standards and the quality of potential borrowers are endogenous. Competitive banks privately choose their lending standards: whether to pay a cost to screen out some unprofitable borrowers. Lending standards have negative externalities and are dynamic strategic complements: tighter screening worsens the future pool of borrowers for all banks and increases their incentives to screen in the future. Lending standards can amplify and prolong temporary downturns, affecting lending volume, credit spreads, and default rates. We characterize constrained-optimal policy which can generally be implemented as a government loan insurance program. When markets recover, they may do so only slowly, a phenomenon we call “slow thawing.”...
|September 2012||Valuation, Adverse Selection, and Market Collapses|
with : w18358
We study a market for funding real investment in which valuation creates information on which adverse selection can occur. Unlike in previous models, higher amounts of valuation are associated with lower market prices and so greater returns to valuation, and this strategic complementarity in the capacity to do valuation generates multiple equilibria. In this region, the equilibrium without valuation is always more efficient despite funding projects that valuation would reveal as unprofitable. Valuation equilibria look like credit crunches. A large investor can ensure the efficient equilibrium only if it can precommit to a price and, for some parameters, only if subsidized.
Published: Michael J. Fishman & Jonathan A. Parker, 2015. "Valuation, Adverse Selection, and Market Collapses," Review of Financial Studies, vol 28(9), pages 2575-2607. citation courtesy of