Luojia Hu

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
230 S. LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
Institutional Affiliation: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2018The ACA Medicaid Expansion in Michigan and Financial Health
with Sarah Miller, Robert Kaestner, Bhashkar Mazumder, Ashley Wong: w25053
This article examines how the financial health changes following an individual’s enrollment in Michigan’s Medicaid program (Healthy Michigan Program, HMP). We use unique data that links credit reports of HMP enrollees to Medicaid administrative data on enrollment and use of health care services. We find that Medicaid enrollment is associated with large improvements in several measures of financial health, including reductions in unpaid bills, medical bills, over limit credit card spending, and public records (such as evictions, judgments, and bankruptcies). These improvements are apparent across several subgroups, although individuals with greater medical need, such as those with chronic illnesses, experience the largest benefits.
April 2016The Effect of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansions on Financial Wellbeing
with Robert Kaestner, Bhashkar Mazumder, Sarah Miller, Ashley Wong: w22170
We examine the effect of the Medicaid expansions under the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) on consumer financial outcomes using data from a major credit reporting agency for a large, national sample of adults. We employ the synthetic control method to compare individuals living in states that expanded Medicaid to those that did not. We find that the Medicaid expansions significantly reduced the number of unpaid bills and the amount of debt sent to third-party collection agencies among those residing in zip codes with the highest share of low-income, uninsured individuals. Our estimates imply a reduction in collection balances of approximately $1,140 among those who gain Medicaid coverage due to the ACA. Our findings suggest that the ACA Medicaid expansions had importa...
July 2005Layoffs, Lemons, Race, and Gender
with Christopher Taber: w11481
This paper expands on Gibbons and Katz (1991) by looking at how the difference in wage losses across plant closing and layoff varies with race and gender. We find that the differences between white males and the other groups are striking and complex. The lemons effect of layoff holds for white males as in Gibbons and Katz model, but not for the other three demographic groups (white females, black females, and black males). These three all experience a greater decline in earnings at plant closings than at layoffs. This results from two reinforcing effects. First, plant closings have substantially more negative effects on minorities than on whites. Second, layoffs seem to have more negative consequences for white men than the other groups. We also find that the relative wage losses of blacks...
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