Florian Hoffmann

Vancouver School of Economics
University of British Columbia
#997-1873 East Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1

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Institutional Affiliation: University of British Columbia

NBER Working Papers and Publications

November 2014Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada and the United States
with Thomas Lemieux: w20694
This paper investigates the potential reasons for the surprisingly different labor market performance of the United States, Canada, Germany, and several other OECD countries during and after the Great Recession of 2008-09. Unemployment rates did not change substantially in Germany, increased and remained at relatively high levels in the United States, and increased moderately in Canada. More recent data also show that, unlike Germany and Canada, the U.S. unemployment rate remains largely above its pre-recession level. We find two main explanations for these differences. First, the large employment swings in the construction sector linked to the boom and bust in U.S. housing markets can account for a large fraction of the cross-country differences in aggregate labor market outcomes for the...

Published: Florian Hoffmann & Thomas Lemieux, 2016. "Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada, and the United States," Journal of Labor Economics, vol 34(S1), pages S95-S139.

May 2013Unemployment in the Great Recession: A Comparison of Germany, Canada, and the United States
with Thomas Lemieux
in Labor Markets in the Aftermath of the Great Recession, David Card and Alexandre Mas, organizers
September 2011A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom
with Robert W. Fairlie, Philip Oreopoulos: w17381
Detailed administrative data from a large and diverse community college are used to examine if academic performance depends on whether students are the same race or ethnicity as their instructors. To identify racial interactions and address many threats to internal validity we estimate models that include both student and classroom fixed effects. Given the large sample sizes and computational complexity of the 2-way fixed effects model we rely on numerical algorithms that exploit the particular structure of the model's normal equations. Although we find no evidence of endogenous sorting, we further limit potential biases from sorting by focusing on students with restricted course enrollment options due to low registration priorities, students not getting first section choices, and on cours...

Fairlie, Robert W., Florian Hoffmann, and Philip Oreopoulos. "A community college instructor like me: Race and ethnicity interactions in the classroom" American Economic Review (forthcoming) citation courtesy of

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